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This document is being organised by Elizabeth Thomsen and Molly Rose Heinrich and the table of content is expected to be completed by 21/7 2016. (Elizabeth Thomsen, environmentalactionhub@gmail.com, 07543281999)

Names in bold n brown, all over this doc, have been invited to this doc. This doc is currently being edited and proof read by Geraldine Ring (EU, Bruxelles), Aedin McLoughlin (Antrim, Ireland), Wendy Lynne Lee (USA), David Smythe (UK), Jane Helen Hughes (Australia), Molly Rose Heinrich (Poole), Susie Atterbury (Wiltshire), Engineer (Wiltshire), Susan Chapman (Bournemouth), Louise Somerville Williams (Somerset)

1. Mission

We at www.environmentalactionhub.org focus on the ban of fracking and UCG in the UK and Ireland. We are a board of private individuals, working closely with residents and elected representatives from all over the UK and Ireland. We provide information from relevant experts that  are seeking to protect their environment and instigate and coordinate legal action in collaboration with public opposition. We are encouraging you to take action and use us and our information to help raise awareness and secure the support from your elected representatives for a ban on fracking in the UK and in Ireland.

2. Action Plan

  1. Form a legal entity, which can publish this information widely and resist lawsuits.
  2. Develop a dynamic website where scientists, lawyers, campaigners and elected and appointed officials can work together.
  3. Communicate our mission to all types of anti-fracking groups who can use our support.
  4. Ensure that all drilling projects in UK/Ireland are considered potential fracking sites.
  5. Work with Councillors and Public Planning entities to build the scientific and legal basis for rejecting fracking projects.

Fracking sites in Focus 2016

SWANAGE - Infrastrata plans to erect a 50 feet high exploratory rig next to California Farm in September 2016 - test fracking is part of exploratory drilling. In Antrim in Ireland, where Infrastrata has just left (read more in Aedin’s text), heavy private policing was introduced. There is no way of controlling what Infrastrata and their partners carry out inside the fence. Infrastrata has refused to substantiate their promise not to frack (printed in Dorset Echo 2015) in writing to us.

All our photocopied material from Dorset County Council 2014 can be downloaded here: http://ravenseyemedia.com/fracking-swanage/frackinguk.ZIP

Our old website from Swanage: http://ravenseyemedia.com/fracking-swanage

Cross Party meeting took place Monday 18 July, Swanage Bay View Holiday Park, 7.30 p.m.  
about the proposed drilling at California Quarry with a talk by Charles Miller, an expert in the oil industry who is, rightly, strongly opposed to this project.  Councillors have also been invited to attend. Permission has been given for exploratory drilling for gas at California Quarry, overlooking Swanage Bay and Durlston Country Park. Operations are scheduled to start in September, with heavy traffic expected via Panorama Road. There are questions about public safety, noise, pollution and effects on the environment. The meeting was organised by local residents to discuss concerns. The main speaker was Charles Miller, who has had a long career in the oil and gas industry, and who has also written several pieces in this document.


Very good websites:

http://www.isfrackingsafe.com/

http://frack-free.rocks

Data collection about UCG / CSG (from Australia)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/469916493083837/files/

We will seek to collaborate with international legal initiatives:

Permanent Peoples' Tribunal Session on the Human Rights Impacts of Fracking https://www.tribunalonfracking.org/

3. Ideas

Conference in Swanage, UK in August (Infrastrata plan to drill there in September 2016)

Program:

Present and substantiate main focus areas. Why are we here? What are the problem areas and why?

No to Fracking in Swanage

Despite assertions in the local media that fracking is safe and oil will be abundant, no evidence has been put forward to corroborate this and there have been no attempts to reassure residents that planning, monitoring, testing and controlling of fracking activities will be conducted safely and no attempt to make it legally binding that you will not frack here? (Swanage 2014)

Example of a Fracking conference

Notice is now on the Chichester Festival website about the following fracking debate on July 23rd at which I'll be a panel speaker against fracking with Prof David Smythe. Full details here - please do come along and/or share this post. Thanks! Julia Wassmer

"Leading anti-frackers take on pro-frackers in a debate about fracking and the future of our energy supplies. Alistair Beaton, author of FRACKED! hosts an event where theatregoers and non-theatregoers alike are invited to come along, listen, and ask difficult questions.

The case against will be put forward by the author and environmentalist Julie Wassmer, along with David Smythe, BSc PhD Emeritus Professor of Geophysics at Glasgow University.

https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=a_AWeBhI9Zc

The case for will be put forward by Dr Nick Riley MBE, C. Geol., FGS, Director of Carboniferous Ltd and Professor Ernest Rutter PhD, DIC, ARSM, BSc, C.Geol – Professor of Geomechanics and Petrophysics, University of Manchester.

We are anticipating a vigorous but civilized debate."

https://www.cft.org.uk/whats-on/event/lets-talk-energy

Engage in actions 

For example: Contact politicians, Sign petitions, Support a protection camp, Volunteer/collaborate with this Action Hub.

Get your elected representatives to SIGN that they support a fracking ban:

www.crosspartyfrackfree.uk

4. Practical

This document  is WORK IN PROGRESS. Please take part. We suggest you write your added content and corrections with a different colour. We produce a backup daily.

Elizabeth requires £80 altogether to establish the hosting (incl. shared web editing) of a professional dynamic collaborative website with over 60 pages.
Please donate (http://ravenseyemedia.com/803.asp). Elizabeth will inform you here of what has been paid in. So far Simon O’Connor has promised a loan/donation of £20, expecting everyone to chip in a little, Aedin McLoughlin donated £10, Molly Heinrich will donate 10 too!

5. Main focus areas

  1. Water resources
  2. Health and safety, air pollution
  3. Agriculture
  4. Methane, carbon footprints
  5. Business life, industrialisation
  6. Resident’s housing, insurance, earthquakes
  7. Traffic and infrastructure
  8. Overall financial case

6. Content

  1. Mission
  2. Action Plan
  3. Ideas
  4. Practical
  5. Main focus areas
  6. (Content Index)
  7. Contact
  8. Fracking must be banned
  9. Quotes
  10. Team of campaigners
  11. Politicians
  12. Experts
  13. Lawyers
  14. Invited to this document
  15. People we are going to contact
  16. Fracking causes irreversible problems
  17. Evidence, reports
  18. Key news stories
  19. Fracking by stealth
  20. Regulations
  21. Public register
  22. Current protection camps in the UK
  23. Ongoing Legal Actions against fracking in the UK
  24. Legal actions taken, objection letters
  25. Consultant Engineer, Oil & Gas about the harm of fracking
  26. Key facts about the fracking procedure
  27. Methane leaks in Australia from fracking and Coal Seam Gas
  28. Media
  29. Financial aspects
  30. Alternatives to fracking
  31. Statements
  32. Testimonials from fracking companies
  33. Fracking: Written question GOV.UK - 39523
  34. Information about fracking

7. Contact 
Elizabeth Thomsen, environmentalactionhub@gmail.com, mobile 07543281999

8. Fracking must be banned everywhere because it:

  1. - pollutes the aquifers irreversibly with biocides and toxic and radioactive substances
  2. - creates earthquakes and destabilises the subterrain
  3. - worsens climate change
  4. - produces vast amounts of toxic waste including volatile organics and other carcinogens
  5. - produces or releases radioactive deposits
  6. - releases the neurotoxin, silica.
  7. - fails as a solution to our energy needs
  8. - accelerates species extinction
  9. - contributes to forest fragmentation
  10. - creates conduits for invasive species
  11. - industrializes the landscape
  12. - exposes workers to hazardous working conditions, carcinogens, and labor abuses
  13. - exposes communities to high public health risks

fracking-illustration-uk2.png

Illustration by Elizabeth Thomsen (media producer) and K Kristensen (engineer)

9. Quotes

Near term impacts:

“Frack fluid migrate up, among other things through faults and old wells.

By drilling, casing, cementing, you pollute groundwater with frack fluid and methane emissions.

To casket (case?) a hole is the problem. There is large pressure and 10.000 holes (?) and the gas escapes. Hardened cement paste is used, it's not a good material, not flexible, not impermeable, it ages badly, and certainty a significant percentage of all gas wells are leaking and will leak. This will never be solved. Since 2010 5-10% of gas wells are leaking in Pennsylvania, there are 1,000 wells leaking into drinking water in Pennsylvania, 100 families have lost access to water.” (Anthony R Ingraffea)

I've worked on more well sites and drilling sites than I care to mention. It's a very inexact science. There is no 100% sure way to protect a water table sitting above a well. Once the casing is in it’s in. It’s not like you can remove it and change it every 10 years! Forget visual impacts on the environment - as unpleasant as that is - it’s water table contamination that is the major issue and there is no 100% safe protection method. (Percival Marmaduke)

I've worked in the Seismology & Geophysical industries, so have a reasonably good idea of how all the technology works. And interestingly enough was introduced to a person who shall remain nameless, that was employed by a government department in Whitehall to, as he put it 'write letters to concerned members of the public, explaining that Fracking was quite safe' it was the first job he'd had since leaving uni, where he had studied on a creative arts course, he had no idea of what he was writing, it was all scripted, and admitted that there was a whole department of people - just as unqualified as him - to do this on a large scale. When I informed him of my interest and professional experience he avoided me like the plague for the rest of the evening. (Dave Sadler)

The whole way that the Royal Society (of which Lord Browne is a member) was co-opted to endorse the Royal Academy Of Engineering (Lord Browne former chair) report declaring fracking 'safe if done right' was pretty iffy and to me stank of professional conflicts of interest when you consider he was the principal shareholder of Cuadrilla and special advisor on energy to the Government. Cameron's commitment to green all too quickly turned to "green crap". We are moving very rapidly away from the fossil fuel dependence model. It therefore seems to me wiser to support those politicians that support the further robust development of non-fossil energies like wind, solar and others, than to allow the bought-and-paid-for quisling politicians for the fossil industry, to hand them any more tax breaks. Cameron's lack of faith in the ability of green energies to replace the fossil industry is not supported by the facts.... Though most politicians are bad at having long term vision rather than short term opportunism. (David Knopfler)

Julie Wassmer about Labour and fracking:

Labour’s Manifesto supports a ban on fracking (Jeremy Corbyn has done so for a long while.)

http://www.jeremyforlabour.com/winning_with_a_greener_future

I talked to him just before a big meeting he did in Margate, shortly after the leadership election, and told him I was a campaigner. He asked what I campaigned for - and I explained for the environment and against fracking and that I was just about to do a talk at the House of Commons with the Lancs MP Cat Smith. He was very encouraging. He's against fracking, as mentioned, and he told me Cat Smith had worked in his office for about 5 years. The thing is, the Labour Party itself had the chance to go for a moratorium on fracking but the GMB union were against this and put pressure on MPs not to vote for it. I seem to recall that something like 40 MPs abstained on that vote, so it's not as easy as simply getting JC on board. (Stuart Cox -- what do you think about this?)

(Also read our Debunking of the Government’s Fracking Vision, link on it’s way, request access from Elizabeth Thomsen)

10. Team of campaigners

Simon O’Connor (Engineer), Elizabeth Thomsen (Communication), Andrew Merson (Student Engineer),

Campaigners, Dorset, Isle of Wight, Wiltshire

Michael French (Campaigner, Poole), Malcolm Forster (Engineer, Isle of Wight), Mary Forster (Isle of Wight), Andy Kirkwood, Kate Whatham (Saving Swanage) Molly Heinrich (Activist,Poole)

Campaigners, Ryedale, Yorkshire

Fiona Coleman

Writers

Jeremy Deedes, Ruth Hayhurst (writer, drillordrop.com), G P Taylor (writers, Yorkshire, Lancashire)

Julie Wassmer, (writer, Balcombe, Kent), Stuart Cox,

Andrew West, http://frack-off.org.uk, info@frack-off.org, 07858 614861

EU based campaigners

Geraldine Ring, (Information Hub to anti-fracking groups, EU, Bruxelles)

Prisca Merz (Legal initiative, endecocide.eu)

German campaigners

Andy Gheorghiu

- Policy Advisor -

Food & Water Europe

Ascher 14

34497 Korbach

Germany

Tel:    +49 5631 50 69 507

Mobile: +49 160 20 30 974

Skype:  andy.gheorghiu2

website: www.foodandwatereurope.org

andy.gheorghiu@mail.de

Irish campaigners

Aedín McLoughlin (Campaigner against fracking in Ireland since 2011, founder of GEAI, an NGO focussed on awareness-raising and policy development.  Succeeded in getting a compromised Irish EPA study on fracking suspended,supported the campaign in Northern Ireland.)

Good Energies Alliance Ireland, Ballinaglera, Co. Leitrim

+35387 2382324 - goodenergiesalliance@gmail.com - www.goodenergiesalliance.com

Irish campaigners celebrating that Infrastrata just left Antrim (June 2016). See photo.

US based campaigners

Wendy Lynne Lee (academia.edu, blog: The Wrench, fracking-connected essays, publishing a new book later this year with Lexinton Press, "Eco-Nihilism: The Philosophical Geopolitics of the Climate Change Apocalypse")

Australia based campaigners

Jane Helen Hughes, John Jenkyns (videos)

Very active campaigner in the UK
Helz Cuppleditch, Wart Hog, Martin Dee, Jon O'Houston, Darius Assassi, Lorraine Inglis, Brenda Pollack, Rosemary Rechter, Johnny Linehan, Adela Redston, Tina Louise Rothery, Julie Daniels, Geza Tarjanyi, Bob Dennett, Kathryn McWhirter, Rosie Lahore, Fabrice Bardsley, George Brown, Beki Adam, Ellie Wyatt, Isabelle Bish, Kim Tee, Peter Whittick, Julianne, Colin Gong, Pamela Mudge-Wood, Pamela Lucas, Stuart Jeffery, Dianna Jones, Sue Taylor, Graeme Mackie - Louise Somerville Williams (asked for gmail), Sarah Benson (Wiltshire)(shared)

11. Politicians

Graham Watson (previous MEP, LibDem)

Caroline Lucas (MP, GreenParty)

Paul Taylor (GreenParty, Brighton)

Jon Nicholas (LibDem) - (doc sent by email)

Vikki Slade (LibDem, Poole) - 07717 358330

Hugo Mieville (LibDem) -  

Patrick Canavan (Labour, Poole)

Ruth Messer (Labour)

Paul Mackney (Labour, Swanage) -

Alice Rogers (Green Party, Purbeck)

Vix Lowthion (Green Party, Isle of Wight) - waiting for gmail address

Cat Smith (MP)

Alyn Smith (MEP, SNP)

(http://www.alynsmith.eu/eu_us_trade_negotiations_totally_blocked)

Caroline Lucas, Green Party MP

Green Party MP Caroline was arrested as anti-fracking campaigner in Balcombe 2013. The Green Party has for years called for an outright Ban on all fracking operations and for licences to be withdrawn as soon as possible. It also calls for the UK and EU to close loopholes on regulations to protect our Water, Soil and Air.

Tim Farron, Liberal Democrats MP

https://www.taskforceonshalegas.uk/news-and-events/tim-farron-s-leader-speech-to-conference

Ban Fracking Vote.JPG

The LibDems vote for a policy to ban fracking at the Spring Conference 2016.

Barry Gardiner is Labour MP for Brent North and Shadow Minister for Energy and Climate Change

http://www.independent.co.uk/voices/thanks-for-the-comedy-routine-amber-rudd-it-s-a-shame-your-climate-policies-are-so-toxic-a6774066.html?utm_source=Greenhouse+Morning+News&utm_campaign=b0778890bf-Greenhouse_Morning_News_December_16th_2015&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_990f8eae78-b0778890bf-117400837

Richard Boyd Barrett TD Introducing the the Prohibition of Hydraulic Fracturing Bill 2015 in the Dáil

https://www.facebook.com/richard.b.barrett.7/videos/10153879040517975/

Kerry McCarthy MP, Shadow Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, delivered her keynote speech at the Labour Party Conference today.

https://www.taskforceonshalegas.uk/news-and-events/shadow-environment-secretary-delivers-keynote-speech-to-labour-party-conference

12. Experts

Charles Miller, Kevin Andersson, Mike Hill, Yuri Gorby, Karlo Brondbjerg, Heather Wite,

Kent Hydrogeologist (ask Julie Wassmer)

Brian Arrigoni , Water engineer Peter Rolinson, Andrew Alpin (On Facebook), Percival Marmaduke (On Facebook), Dave Sadler (On Facebook)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MMpz3vg6224 (Experts, scientists, engineers)

Prof Steve Keen Kingston UNI London, @stevekeen

Anthony R Ingraffea

Dept: Civil and Environmental Engineering

Title: Dwight C. Baum Professorship in Engineering

Address: 322 Hollister Hall

Phone: 607 255-3336

Email: ARI1@cornell.edu

http://www.cfg.cornell.edu/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ObF3kQxq1t0&feature=youtu.be

Dr Mariann Lloyd-Smith

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AHBqjIEJ7bk

Published on 30 May 2013

Mariann describes the Benzene levels produced by a handful of Dart Energy exploration wells as extraordinary and very worrying. The Benzene levels Dart Energy are displaying on their website exceed World Health Organisation (WHO) guidelines for drinking water and are 12 times the UK and Australian drinking water standards. Most experts agree that there is no safe level for Benzene in drinking water. It would appear that Dart Energy and the Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA) assume that once discharged the effluent will have no effect on the ecosystem of the estuary or the human population around it.

http://frack-off.org.uk/dart-energy-dumps-extraordinary-levels-of-benzene-into-firth-of-forth/

Food & Water Watch Welcomes Scientist Robert Howarth to its Board

Howarth is the author of several studies showing how hydraulic fracturing (fracking), in particular the release of methane throughout the lifecycle of the process, contributes to climate change.

http://www.foodandwaterwatch.org/news/food-water-watch-welcomes-scientist-robert-howarth-its-board

Dr Paula Gilvarry, a retired GP based in Co Sligo

Christopher Busby is an expert on the health effects of ionizing radiation. He qualified in Chemical Physics at the Universities of London and Kent

David K. Smythe BSc, PhD (Emeritus Professor of Geophysics, University of Glasgow) for the House of Lords Economic Affairs Select Committee on UK shale adds an important geologic concern to the list of headwinds facing UK shale development.

"Our Fault" - The Geologic Concern That Could Derail UK Shale Before It Begins [White Paper Critique]

http://oilpro.com/post/4886/our-fault-the-geologic-concern-that-could-derail-uk-shale-before-it-begins-white-paper-critique?utm_campaign=newsletter183&utm_source=dailyNewsletter&utm_medium=email

Alan J Tootill

The CCC report on compatibility of fracking with Climate Change targets is FINALLY out. Not as clear cut as we might have hoped. The BBC has already reported it as backing fracking with safeguards

It'll be a repeat of the RA&RSE report whitewash all over again.

https://www.theccc.org.uk/publication/onshore-petroleum-the-compatibility-of-uk-onshore-petroleum-with-meeting-carbon-budgets/

The government response to the CCC report, that had Angela Loathsome fending off questions about for weeks? Do nothing! "the government says it will take no regulatory action in response to the report from the Committee on Climate Change (CCC), arguing that the current regime is “adaptive” and will change if fracking companies go into full scale production. It says it is important to take advantage of the “fantastic opportunity” of fracking and that it is determined to meet its carbon targets."

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/business/2016/07/07/fracking-regulations-inadequate-government-advisers-warn/

Executive summary extract by Alan Tootill

Test 1 will fail because the government has already indicated its lack of will to implement these.

Test 2 will fail because the intention is to increase UK gas production and increase gas use to replace coal

Test 3 will fail because, well you know why. The government policies are stifling renewables and low-carbon energy.

Our assessment is that exploiting shale gas by fracking on a significant scale is not compatible with UK climate targets unless three tests are met:

• Test 1: Well development, production and decommissioning emissions must be strictly limited. Emissions must be tightly regulated and closely monitored in order to ensure rapid action to address leaks.

- A range of technologies and techniques to limit methane emissions should be required, including ‘reduced emissions completions’ (also known as ‘green completions’) and liquid unloading mitigation technologies (e.g. plunger lift systems) should these be needed;

- A monitoring regime that catches potentially significant methane leaks early is essential in order to limit the impact of ‘super-emitters’;

- Production should not be allowed in areas where it would entail significant CO2 emissions resulting from the change in land use (e.g. areas with deep peat soils);

- The regulatory regime must require proper decommissioning of wells at the end of their lives. It must also ensure that the liability for emissions at this stage rests with the producer.

• Test 2: Consumption – gas consumption must remain in line with carbon budgets requirements. UK unabated fossil energy consumption must be reduced over time within levels we have previously advised to be consistent with the carbon budgets. This means that UK shale gas production must displace imported gas rather than increasing domestic consumption.

• Test 3: Accommodating shale gas production emissions within carbon budgets.

Additional production emissions from shale gas wells will need to be offset through reductions elsewhere in the UK economy, such that overall effort to reduce emissions is sufficient to meet carbon budgets.

There are also potential implications of UK shale production for global emissions, namely :

- Lifecycle emissions of tightly regulated domestic shale gas as against imports. The overall emissions footprint of UK shale gas, if tightly regulated, is likely to be broadly similar to that of imported gas. Tightly regulated domestic production may provide a small emissions saving when displacing imports of liquefied natural gas.

- Impact on the global energy system.  Increased UK production of fossil fuels could affect global emissions, depending on the extent to which this displaces coal, displaces low-carbon energy or leads to increased fossil fuel consumption.

Tim Thornton (GP), Eddie Thornton (journalist)

Tim Thornton has been a GP in North Yorkshire for 30 years with interests from maternity care through to terminal care. Born in Yorkshire, worked in Kenya and moved back to his Yorkshire home to train and practice. Tim is now semi retired but works part-time around Ryedale which leaves flexibility to be more public health orientated when volunteering in the Kalahari in Namibia.

Getting an understanding of the health, social and environmental impacts of fracking has been a slow and uncertain process. To enable others to understand more readily what the issues are, Tim and Eddie have collected scientific papers and review articles and created this website to share information.

After a period at the BBC, Eddie Thornton spent two years working on a cattle ranch in Argentina. Living with the gauchos of Patagonia he developed an interest in sustainability and organic agriculture. He is now making organic cheese  in Botton Village, a community for adults with learning disabilities on the North York Moors.

Eddie’s main concern about fracking is the environmental impact. The scientific reports coming out of the US and Australia, air pollution, water contamination and risk to public health seem to be the unavoidable cost of this industry.

Our government seeks to assure us that in Britain it will be different, but from our understanding of the technology, fracking cannot be carried out without massive environmental impact. Since the announcement that the UK was going all out for shale gas, we have been trying to collect information on the likely consequences. http://www.isfrackingsafe.com/

13. Lawyers

Søren Stenderup Jensen (Plesner.com), Ashley Bowes (Cornerstone Barristers), Jamie Potter (Bindmans London), Jake White (FOE London), Emily Shirley (Barrister/campaigner)

Legal experts following our work

Peter Stefanovic (Lawyer/Partner at Simpson Millar LLP Solicitors)

14. Also invited to this document

This list is not complete. Names in this doc in brown colour have been invited.

Wendy Lynne Lee

Professor

Department of Philosophy

Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania

Bloomsburg, PA USA 17815

wlee@bloomu.edu

http://thewrenchphilosleft.blogspot.com/

John Daniels (Teacher, campaigner, Dorset)

Jon Nicholas (Sent as Word Doc)

Jo Jo Metha - http://www.jojomehta.com/publicinfo.html

Peter Stefanovic (Lawyer/Partner at Simpson Millar LLP Solicitors)

Stuart Lane

15. People we are going to contact

Deedee Carey (FB) Labour Party, Mid west UK

Julia Jefferson (FB) Appeared on BBC Question Time about Fracking, Polytechnic Edu,

Margaret Green (Facebook), Swanage resident: Sue the planning committee members for damage health wealth and quality of life. If corporations can sue governments WE can sue our representatives for failing to protect and represent us. This approach has worked in USA. We should crowd fund the legal costs, involve Greenpeace FoE Oxfam, RSPB WWF etc. (asked for email)

Maria Montinaro, Falkirk Community Councillor - Shieldhill & California

Concerned Communities of Falkirk, founder member www.faug.org.uk, https://www.facebook.com/FAUG.PEDL133

Erin Brockovich - erin@brockovich.com - http://www.brockovich.com/

Last week Michael Brune, executive director of the Sierra Club, wrote about the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recently released 1,000-plus draft pages of its “Hydraulic Fracturing Drinking Water Assessment.” The report took almost five years to produce and essentially tells us (in great detail) what we already knew:

Fracking and drinking water are a bad combination. On top of that, the EPA finally admitted that water resources have already been contaminated by fracking: “We found specific instances where one or more mechanisms led to impacts on drinking water resources, including contamination of drinking water wells.”

So much for past assertions—not just from fossil fuel companies but also from Obama administration officials—that no instance of drinking water contamination has ever been documented. And don’t even get me started on the fossil fuel PR hacks and politicians who tried to claim that this report shows that fracking is safe. When you add up the threat to drinking water and all of the other problems with fracking that this report doesn’t address—the air pollution, the climate-disrupting methane, the landscape destruction, the earthquakes—it’s as obvious as ever that fracking is dirty, dangerous, and a terrible idea.

OK, so we knew that. What else, then, does this report have to tell us? Here are five takeaways, one for each year the EPA spent on this:

1. Oil and gas companies want you to know as little about fracking as possible. This EPA report offers no new research on whether fracking contaminates water supplies. Instead it relies on “available data and literature,” including previous investigations by state regulators into fracking-related water pollution. The main reason for this is that oil and gas companies did all they could to make gathering new data impossible. And they were able to do that because Congress and successive administrations have exempted them from so many federal pollution rules.

2. Opportunities abound for disaster. One thing the EPA’s report does detail is the many risks that fracking operations pose to drinking water both above and below ground—from mixing the fracking chemicals to injecting the fracking fluid into the well to handling the millions of gallons of toxic, radioactive waste water. So many ways that something could go wrong! Now you know why this report is more than 1,000 pages long.

3. Fracking is happening close to where we live. According to the EPA, “Between 2000 and 2013, approximately 9.4 million people lived within one mile of a hydraulically fractured well.”

4. Lots of fracking is also happening close to our water supplies. Again, according to the EPA: “Approximately 6,800 sources of drinking water for public water systems were located within one mile of at least one hydraulically fractured well … These drinking water sources served more than 8.6 million people year-round in 2013.” Suppose you’re lucky enough to live more than a mile from the nearest fracking site? EPA: “Hydraulic fracturing can also affect drinking water resources outside the immediate vicinity of a hydraulically fractured well.” What’s more, the EPA points out that in some places, such as Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, and Kentucky, fracking happens at relatively shallow depths, where “oil and gas resources and drinking water resources co-exist in the same formation.”

5. What they don’t know could hurt you. Of the 1,076 chemicals used in fracking that the EPA could identify, the agency was able to assess the chemical, physical, and toxicological properties for fewer than half. Of those, the majority have the potential to “persist in the environment as long-term contaminants.” Great, but how many of them are potentially carcinogenic? The EPA could find data for about 90 of them, but offered a bureaucratic shrug of the shoulders as to what level of exposure people might have to ingest those carcinogens. Feeling reassured yet?

We didn’t need 1,000 pages to figure out the obvious. We don’t even need 1,000 words. Here’s what we know: Fracking is a nationwide game of Russian roulette that puts an essential resource—drinking water—at risk every single day. The sooner it stops, the better.

16. Fracking causes irreversible problems

by Charles Miller (Consultant Engineer, Oil & Gas), Kevin Andersson  (PhD, CEng, FIMechE), Thomas Meinert Larsen (Associate Professor Copenhagen University)

Fracking cannot be carried out in a way that is safe for the environment. It causes irreversible damage to drinking water resources, air, soil, buildings, infrastructure, humans and animals. Scientists agree that all fracking wells will leak over time. We do not have long term experience with fracking, we are not even fracking yet in the UK. The methods used to extract gas and oil in the North Sea and in Poole Harbour in the UK are not fracking. Fracking may be profitable for some, but it's a really bad business for the public interests and our environment. The financial arguments have been misguiding as fracking is heavily subsidised in USA and for every $ made, $1.50 was spent and this is before serious and irreversible environmental damage have been taken into account. Also the arguments regarding climate change are very misguiding, as methane, which seeps from the wells and cracks, in far larger volumes than anticipated, is between 80 - 100 times more potent, and thus more damaging, than CO2.

17. Evidence, reports

Links to collections of  information, reports, evidence:

http://frack-off.org.uk/mounting-evidence-the-harm-caused-by-fracking/#waste

http://ravenseyemedia.com/all-that-gas-evidence.xls

http://frackfreeryedale.org/reports/

The Medact Report: Health & Fracking - The Impacts & Opportunity Costs 2015

http://www.medact.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/medact_fracking-report_WEB4.pdf

Executive summary

Background: “The United Kingdom (UK) is presently set to expand ‘hydraulic fracturing’ of shale formations (‘fracking’) as a means of extracting unconventional gas. Proponents of fracking have argued that it can be conducted safely and will bring benefits in the form of: a) energy that is cleaner in climate terms than coal and oil; b) greater energy security; c) lower energy prices; d) more energy diversity and competition; and e) local employment and economic development. However, fracking has proven to be controversial and there are serious concerns about its safety and impact on the environment…”

 

Concerned Health Professionals of New York:

Compendium of Scientific, Medical, & Media Findings Demonstrating Risks & Harms of Fracking (Unconventional Gas & Oil Extraction)

3rd Ed. October 14, 2015

http://concernedhealthny.org/compendium/

The Compendium is a fully referenced compilation of the significant body of scientific, medical, and journalistic findings demonstrating risks and harms of fracking. Organized to be accessible to public officials, researchers, journalists, and the public at large, the Compendium succinctly summarizes key studies and other findings relevant to the ongoing public debate about unconventional methods of oil and gas extraction. The Compendium should be used by readers to grasp the scope of the information about both public health and safety concerns and the economic realities of fracking that frame these concerns. The reader who wants to delve deeper can consult the reviews, studies, and articles referenced. In addition, the Compendium is complemented by a fully searchable, near-exhaustive citation database of peer-reviewed journal articles pertaining to shale gas and oil extraction, housed at the PSE Healthy Energy scientific literature database.

 

Professor Kevin Anderson (PhD, CEng, FIMechE) Chair of Energy and Climate Change,School of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering University of Manchester Deputy Director of the Tyndall Centre for climate change research

http://programmeofficers.co.uk/Cuadrilla/Proofs/NWFOE/FOE1.1.pdf

 

Leaked Letter from the Secretary Of State for The department of Energy and Climate Change, Communities & Local Government and Environment, Food and Rural Affairs in correspondence with The Chancellors of The Exchequer.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/earth/energy/fracking/12130801/Ministers-plot-to-foil-anti-frackers.html

Doctors in Los Angeles: “Very unusual” infections being reported around massive gas blowout in LA… “If you’re able to leave do it now, I’m telling you it’s really critical” Official: Toxic plume is spreading far away, it’s a national disaster TV: “We’re a living science experiment” (VIDEO) http://tinyurl.com/znjlf2r

Irish GP Dr Paula Gilvarry about health issues

Sligo doctor seeks permanent 'fracking' ban

Dr Paula Gilvarry, a retired GP based in Co Sligo, said the evidence was now “extremely strong” that fracking affects human health.

She maintained rashes, sore ears and runny noses have been proven to have been caused by fracking along with respiratory illnesses in children with asthma as a result of the release of hydrogen sulfide.

“Aside from other pollutants, we know that benzene in the water will cause leukaemia,” she said.

Speaking to The Irish Times she said there are now 500 peer-reviewed studies that suggest a link between the gas extraction process and poor human health.

http://www.sligotoday.ie/details.php?id=40755

Study by Professor David K. Smythe 

Hydraulic fracturing in thick shale basins: problems in identifying faults in the Bowland and Weald Basins, UK (MS No.: se-2015-134)

College of Science and Engineering, University of Glasgow, Scotland now at: La Fontenille, 1, rue du Couchant, 11120 Ventenac en Minervois, France Received: 22 Dec 2015 – Accepted: 20 Jan 2016 – Published: 27 Jan 2016 North American shale basins differ from their European counterparts in that the latter are one to two orders of magnitude smaller in area, but correspondingly thicker, and are cut or bounded by normal faults penetrating from the shale to the surface. There is thus an inherent risk of groundwater resource contamination via these faults during or after unconventional resource appraisal and development. US shale exploration experience cannot simply be transferred to the UK. The Bowland Basin, with 1900 m of Lower Carboniferous shale, is in the vanguard of UK shale gas development. A vertical appraisal well to test the shale by hydraulic fracturing (fracking), the first such in the UK, triggered earthquakes. Re-interpretation of the 3D seismic reflection data, and independently the well casing deformation data, both show that the well was drilled through the earthquake fault, and did not avoid it, as concluded by the exploration operator. Faulting in this thick shale is evidently difficult to recognise. The Weald Basin is a shallower Upper Jurassic unconventional oil play with stratigraphic similarities to the Bakken play of the Williston Basin, USA. Two Weald licensees have drilled, or have applied to drill, horizontal appraisal wells based on inadequate 2D seismic reflection data coverage. I show, using the data from the one horizontal well drilled to date, that one operator failed identify two small but significant through-going normal faults. The other operator portrayed a seismic line as an example of fault-free structure, but faulting had been smeared out by reprocessing. The case histories presented show that: (1) UK shale exploration to date is characterised by a low degree of technical competence, and (2) regulation, which is divided between four separate authorities, is not up to the task. If UK shale is to be exploited safely: (1) more sophisticated seismic imaging methods need to be developed and applied to both basins, to identify faults in shale with throws as small as 4–5 m, and (2) the current lax and inadequate regulatory regime must be overhauled, unified, and tightened up.

http://www.solid-earth-discuss.net/se-2015-134/ 

REPORT

David K. Smythe BSc, PhD

Emeritus Professor of Geophysics, University of Glasgow

http://www.barcombe.org/fracking/docs/Prof%20David%20Smythe/Smythe%20shale%20gas%20submission%20to%20HoL%20v1.5.pdf

Professor Busby:  Fracking has grave radiation risks

Wrecking the Earth: Fracking has grave radiation risks few talk about

Christopher Busby is an expert on the health effects of ionizing radiation. He qualified in Chemical Physics at the Universities of London and Kent, and worked on the molecular physical chemistry of living cells for the Wellcome Foundation. Professor Busby is the Scientific Secretary of the European Committee on Radiation Risk based in Brussels and has edited many of its publications since its founding in 1998. He has held a number of honorary University positions, including Visiting Professor in the Faculty of Health of the University of Ulster. Busby currently lives in Riga, Latvia. www.chrisbusbyexposed.org, www.greenaudit.org and www.llrc.org.

https://www.rt.com/op-edge/fracking-radioactive-uranium-danger-ecology-057/

Glasgow University slated for ‘silencing’ fracking critic

https://theferret.scot/glasgow-university-silencing-fracking-critic/

Dr Mariann Lloyd-Smith comments on Dart Energy and their activities in Scotland

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AHBqjIEJ7bk

 

Also the fact that Dart Energy previous owners of PEDL 133,  now owned by Ineos,  were releasing "waste water"/"produce water"  into the Firth of Forth from their coalbed methane exploratory pilot testing operations at their flagship European site at Airth in Scotland. If the Scottish moratorium is lifted and  UGE sanctioned by our Scottish Government Ineos can start commercial production of CBM with an initial 22 wells  via a planning application currently sited under the moratorium.

 

Of concern the "produced water" which was being released into the Firth of Forth and tested by Dart themselves contained  Benzene levels which exceeded World Health Organisation limits at the pilot testing stage.  Here is Dr Mariann Lloyd - Smith's  verdict on the Scottish Experience and what was being released into the Firth of Forth  - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AHBqjIEJ7bk

 

The Central Belt of Scotland an area of just 20,000km2 is earmarked for CBM, shale and underground coal gasification. Contrary to some media reports we do not have a ban following the recent Scottish Parliament vote:

 

"Last week's Scottish Parliament vote for an outright ban on fracking  was a significant step closer to protecting Scottish communities from unconventional gas extraction in Scotland and is to be applauded.  Overwhelming scientific and peer reviewed evidence now supports the real life testimonies of communities living side by side with this industry and was the basis of the New York State ban 2014.The evidence presented by the Broad Alliance of Scottish Communities puts the case very strongly under the Precautionary Principle, that this industry is not safe for communities and there can be no alternative but a complete ban in Scotland. Ineos's minimum 400m buffer is derisory while mitigation measures and the imposition of fines following regulation breaches, if detected, are totally unacceptable given the constraints of: land mass, population density, extensive underground mine workings, significant geological faulting not to mention the scale of the industry and its track record around the world. Scottish Communities now await the final verdict from our Scottish Government which will determine  whether or not our government is for and by the people."

BBC Prof Ian Steward

http://www.bbc.co.uk/iplayer/episode/b0368kb2/rise-of-the-continents-3-the-americas

TV: 40:30

Water from the Pacific is found in the inland bedrock deep down, via the process of subduction water from the ocean has escaped into the continental rock.

Earthquakes mix the bedrock, create fractures.

 

18. Key news stories

Updates from 9/7 2016

LET'S TALK ENERGY - The case against fracking will be put forward by the author and environmentalist Julie Wassmer, along with David Smythe, BSc PhD Emeritus Professor of Geophysics at Glasgow University. The case for will be put forward by Dr Nick Riley MBE, C. Geol., FGS, Director of Carboniferous Ltd and Professor Ernest Rutter PhD, DIC, ARSM, BSc, C.Geol – Professor of Geomechanics and Petrophysics, University of Manchester.

We are anticipating a vigorous but civilized debate.

https://www.cft.org.uk/whats-on/event/lets-talk-energy

Cuadrilla to drill Lancashire fracking site bore-holes

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-lancashire-36231481?SThisFB

Fracking regulations 'inadequate', Government advisers warn

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/business/2016/07/07/fracking-regulations-inadequate-government-advisers-warn/

Cautious green light for fracking

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-36727751?SThisFB%3FSThisFB

The compatibility of UK onshore petroleum with meeting the UK’s carbon budgets

https://www.theccc.org.uk/publication/onshore-petroleum-the-compatibility-of-uk-onshore-petroleum-with-meeting-carbon-budgets/

News updates from 24/5 2016

NYCC APPROVE FRACKING AT KM8 – FFR PRESS RELEASE

http://frackfreeryedale.org/ffrpressreleasekm8/

John Blackie the only truth in NYCC

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jFg36Wlk-nQ&feature=youtu.be&app=desktop

Ruth Hayhurst: Live updates from Decision Day on Third Energy fracking plans

https://drillordrop.com/2016/05/23/live-updates-from-decision-day-on-third-energy-fracking-plans/

GP Taylor: Fracking farce. North Yorkshire lions betrayed by council donkeys

GP Taylor is a writer and broadcaster and can be followed @GPTaylorauthor. http://www.gptaylor.info/

http://www.yorkshirepost.co.uk/news/opinion/gp-taylor-fracking-farce-north-yorkshire-lions-betrayed-by-council-donkeys-1-7929038

What action do we take now over KM8?

Where did we go wrong (and sorry to be cold and calculating: we lost this battle and need to ask how we can do better next time)?

Andrew Alpin, leading expert in shales, based at Durham University

UK shale gas reserves not as large as Government hopes, North East expert says

http://www.chroniclelive.co.uk/business/business-news/uk-shale-gas-reserves-not-11383153

http://www.jeremy.deedes.com/reflections/

19. Fracking by stealth

“What faith can local people have in democracy if the members of the planning committee can just completely ignore both the strength of local opinion and the sound planning grounds that objectors have raised? It is a sham.

This company lied to Anne McIntosh two years ago when they told her they had no plans to frack. They failed to inform residents about a leak to their existing pipeline. They have failed to do wildlife surveys, and it now appears they manipulated the background noise survey to show elevated background noise that only occurred during the monitoring period. This company is just not fit to frack.” (Ian Conlan from Frack Free Ryedale)

http://frackfreeryedale.org/ffrpressreleasekm8/


Fracking by Stealth – it’s starting in Antrim!

https://goodenergiesalliance.com/2014/01/28/fracking-by-stealth-its-starting-in-antrim/

This island's first fracking pad - Woodburn Forest, Antrim. Resevoir can be seen in the background. Let's make this the only fracking pad this island ever sees ‪#‎ShutDownInfrastrata‬ No Fracking Ulster!

We protested all over Belfast city on monday and visited the camp - the people at the camp were delighted to see us coming - they want people to join them any day, any time - there is space for camping. https://www.facebook.com/britainandirelandfrackfree/photos/…

Sr.Nora from the Mercy Convent International group who campaign on environmental and justice issues, travelled with us on the bus on monday - here she is giving a humanist blessing at the site on monday https://www.facebook.com/britainandirelandfrackfree/videos/1413689221990432/?pnref=story

Join our group here for updates https://www.facebook.com/groups/146055765467930/

http://frackingfreeireland.org/

Campaign group in NI - https://www.facebook.com/DontDrillAntrimWater/?fref=ts

http://www.stopthedrillcampaign.com/

(22/6 2016 - This month Infrastrata stopped the project and left Antrim.)

Fracking in Northern Ireland - An Overview

https://goodenergiesalliance.com/fracking-in-northern-ireland/

An unusual look at the history of proposals to frack and the current situation in Northern Ireland, presented through infographics

Fracking in UK - An Overview

https://goodenergiesalliance.com/uk/

An unusual look at the history of proposals to frack and the current situation in UK, presented through infographics

20. Regulations

Leaking tank at crawberry hill, gold standard ! contaminated water drained into the pea field which provides peas for birds eye, coming to you soon! (Peter Mcdougall Lomas)

John Jenkyn: This is the glow from The QGC/sHell Energy Hub on the Western Downs, Don't need the flares on to brighten the sky I guess this is what QGC ment by light pollution.

21. Public register of elected representatives for fracking ban

Send a letter to remind your elected officials of their duty of care and encourage them to sign

On www.crosspartyfrackfree.uk you will find a template letter that can be used by individuals and groups to inform and notify their local County / Borough & Town Councillors about the dangers of fracking and their duty of care to protect their electorate from harm. You will also find all the reports referenced in the letter.

The letter invites councillors to sign a public register held on the site saying they support a ban on fracking. Email your MPs & MEPs. Point them to the cross party frack free site to read up more about fracking and to sign the public register.

22. Current protection camps and fracking blockades in the UK and Ireland

June 2016

Ryedale coming up

23. Ongoing Legal Actions against fracking in the UK 

June 2016

Ryedale appeal (legal challenge of fracking permit)

Blackpool (decision from Greg Clark 4/7)

Lancashire

Who will and who won’t be deciding Cuadrilla’s fracking applications?

https://drillordrop.com/2015/06/20/who-will-and-who-wont-be-deciding-cuadrillas-fracking-applications/

Friends of the Earth

We’re going to court, 7 July 2016

Earlier this year North Yorkshire County Councillors voted to approve a fracking application in Ryedale.

So what’s the news? At Friends of the Earth, we promised to explore all legal avenues with local residents. After looking through everything, we believe the decision was made unlawfully and therefore we have applied to take it to court.

Tell the government to halt all fracking immediately.

If the High Court approves our case, North Yorkshire County Council will have to reconsider the application.

And today, the government has finally made public a report from its own independent advisors, the Committee on Climate Change (CCC) on the impact of fracking on climate change. More than 100,000 people demanded that they stop keeping the report a secret.

The report warns that the impact of fracking on the UK’s climate targets is not properly regulated, and could be incompatible with meeting them.

Tell the government to stop ignoring the climate risk and halt all fracking.

It's time to stop ignoring climate change.

We’re already taking the Ryedale decision to court on the grounds they didn't properly assess the risk of the fracking application causing climate change. Now the Government should immediately halt all fracking plans until it has made a full assessment of the impact of fracking overall.

Sign now and ask the Secretary of State for Climate Change to stop sweeping climate change under the carpet. https://www.foe.co.uk/act/tell-government-listen-experts-halt-all-fracking-immediately?utm_source=Friends+of+the+Earth+Communications&utm_campaign=706d080d5b-LM1607012&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_383af65c6b-706d080d5b-20989249

Thank you again for your support.

We will continue the fight against fracking in Ryedale, Yorkshire and across the UK. Together we can stop fracking everywhere.

With hope and solidarity,

Anna and the fracking team

#DontFrackYorkshire

24, Legal actions taken, objection letters

US plea to block fracking in North Yorkshire

A letter from more than 850 elected officials in the American state of New York has been delivered to North Yorkshire County Council urging its members to block an application to frack in Ryedale.

It tells county councillors fracking has not delivered the benefits promised in the United States and communities where it has gone ahead have faced “significant costs”.

http://www.thescarboroughnews.co.uk/news/local/us-plea-to-block-fracking-in-north-yorkshire-1-7922224

Action Hub’s comment to Yorkshire fracking permit 25/5 2016

...the frackers have shot themselves in the foot in Yorkshire, promising not to use BIOCIDES:

1. The frackers admit biocides are used in fracking (so toxic there is no official limit, one molecule will kill life).

2. When biocides aren't used, how will they keep microlife in the bedrock from 'eating' the well protection?

‘Frack Off our Forest’ serving legal notice

Frack Off Our Forest serving South Western Energy owner Gerwyn Williams today with a legal notice that in the event of any harm caused by his activities he had prior knowledge (via the Concerned Health Professionals of New York compendium and Medact report into Health and Fracking)

Full report and transcript of our meeting with South Western Energy coming soon!

4 things we learned from the meeting brokered by Gloucestershire Police at police headquarters... (which we concluded by advising SW Energy to give up now as there's absolutely no way they will drill here, and to stop wasting their time, our time and police resources)...

Thanks to Glos Police for arranging the meeting and laying on an impressive buffet!

1. SW Energy say they're exploring for both Coalbed Methane and Conventional Gas or Oil within the Devonian sandstone layers... they claimed they weren't interested in looking for shale gas or fracking, and there weren't any suitable layers of rock which could contain shale gas. Despite being shown photographic evidence of miners smoking underground and a Daz commercial being shot in a Forest mine in 1962 and hearing from a mining surveyor who'd worked in the Forest mining industry since 1948, SW Energy insisted there was still methane in the coal... and even if there isn't, it's their "duty" to explore for it anyway.

2. SW Energy (as well as other companies in the latest, 14th Round) haven't yet been granted licences but only "formally offered" them... so they can't get on with doing anything until they have the licences signed and sealed.

3. Geologist Oliver Taylor will spend the next year or longer building a geological model using data (in the public domain) from the Coal Authority, British Geological Survey and UK Onshore Geophysical Library, from existing borehole and 2D seismic data (done in the Usk valley and Fownhope area, quite a way from the Forest). He says they won't need any more seismic surveys. The oil and gas industry software is used internationally and projects models based on 5,000 known sites around the world. The geo model will cover the whole of the two PEDL (licence) areas 318 (Wye Valley, west Dean and SW Herefs - 140.2 sq km), and 319 (most of the Forest, east as far as Longhope, Blaisdon and Westbury, plus a section south of the Severn - 197 sq km)... which go right up to the Welsh border and to the low-tide mark on the Severn.

4. Another of Gerwyn Williams's 18 companies UK Water Supplies Ltd will be used to treat wastewater on site before either discharging it into a waterway or selling it to local businesses. Gerwyn later told us that there was probably more money to be made from water treatment than gas!

FRACK FREE SOMERSET OFFICIAL RESPONSE TO THE GOVERNMENT’S ANNOUNCEMENT OF NEW FRACKING LICENCES

18th December 2016. Karen Stutz

Just days after the British government joined nations from all around the world in agreeing to reduce global carbon emissions, it has voted not only to allow fracking to take place under national parks, but has also announced a new round of Petroleum Exploration Development Licences (PEDLs) for areas in Somerset and Wiltshire.

These had been subject to assessment under the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2010, and despite all the evidence submitted during the consultation period by conservation groups and members of Frack Free Somerset to show the deleterious impact that drilling would have for wildlife in these areas, with these decisions and its recent cuts to renewables, the government has made it amply clear that it is committed to putting its vested interests in the fracking industry ahead of any serious attempt to create a sustainable future for our children.

Frack Free Somerset is concerned about the air pollution, water contamination, toxic & radioactive waste, health effects and industrialized landscapes that affect the communities in which unconventional gas and oil companies have already been working, and points to the peer-reviewed scientific evidence continually emerging from the U.S and Australia, as proof of the dangers inherent in this industry.

Members of Frack Free Somerset will resist any attempts by the government and unconventional gas and oil companies to impose this toxic industry on our communities, and will be working in close collaboration with anti-fracking groups across the county, including local groups such as Keep Wiltshire Frack Free.

If you would like to find out more about our campaign, or lend us your support, please sign up at www.frackfreesomerset.org

Frack Free Somerset Update

August 2015

At the end of the 13th Round of Oil &Gas Onshore licenses, Frack Free Somerset were the only UK community coalition to have 100% successfully locked the gate on their area.

PEDL license 227, the last remaining 13th Round PEDL in Somerset, was ultimately dropped because of, amongst other things, a lack of ‘social licence’. Organised community resistance gets the goods – period.

However, with the 14th Oil & Gas Onshore Licensing Round upon us, new areas of Somerset are now under threat.

The northern Somerset coastline has been declared a possible location for future PEDL’s, giving rise to worries of UCG activity on our doorstep. In Somerset’s eastern quarter, a block of possible sell offs reaches out from Wiltshire right up to Frome’s doorstep.

Frack Free Somerset are preparing an accessible information resource about these developments. So watch this space, we will be posting shortly.

One thing we can promise, is that Frack Free Somerset is very much alive, kicking and busily organising in response to the 14th Round. The Frackers will not succeed. This is Somerset, and we are ready.

Drilling starts at Woodburn forest site despite legal challenge

InfraStrata plc, the lead company in the consortium that is carrying out exploratory drilling, said the drilling phase will take around six weeks to complete. The controversial project close to a drinking water reservoir that supplies thousands of homes in Belfast and east Antrim has been met with a series of protests, amid anger from local people. The Stop The Drill protest has been backed by Spotlight actor Mark Ruffalo and human rights activist Bianca Jagger.

http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/news/drilling-starts-at-woodburn-forest-site-despite-legal-challenge-34720557.html

Infrastrata announced they did not find any resources and left Antrim in June 2016.

Our Politicians just don’t get it! https://thegasmancometh.wordpress.com/2016/05/19/our-politicians-just-dont-get-it/

It does however at least raise the issue on the floor of the Assembly, but I doubt the standard of debate will be robust enough as I don’t believe our elected representatives understand the issues.  Sinn Fein clearly don’t despite being advised by Dr Ingraffea at their own conference in the Lough Erne Hotel in February last year.

The reality is there is a lot of confusion around this drill.  Confusion that could be avoided if things were made public and the public engaged and placed at the heart of the decision-making process.

The People of Fermanagh and Leitrim deserve Science not Politics and PR

https://thegasmancometh.wordpress.com/2013/03/19/the-people-of-fermanagh-and-leitrim-deserve-science-not-politics-and-pr/

“For a successful technology, reality must take precedence over public relations, for nature cannot be fooled.” Richard Feynman, Challenger Shuttle disaster Report.

The first thing one needs to do is to open up all the cases for review, including those which are bound by non-disclosure agreements.  For the industry to still be claiming in a PR fashion – not one documented case of water contamination from fracking – is a scientific fact shows the real value this industry place on Scientific discourse and transparency.

“Hydraulic Fracturing has to be looked at, as a system, that involves several different features above ground, not just the actual sub-surface fracturing itself.” Glenn Paulson, PhD, Scd(Ho), Scientific Advisor to the Administrator, US Environmetal Protection Agency.  I believe HF needs to be looked at in this manner to help us gauge the true impact of this industry.

A group of medical professionals led by a former president of the Irish Medical Organisation is to call for a ban of fracking in Ireland.

Concerned Health Professionals Ireland (CHPI), which will be launched on Wednesday, involves more than a dozen health practitioners who believe there is overwhelming evidence that fracking is bad for human health.

Dr Paula Gilvarry, a retired GP based in Co Sligo, said the evidence was now “extremely strong” that fracking affects human health.

She maintained rashes, sore ears and runny noses have been proven to have been caused by fracking along with respiratory illnesses in children with asthma as a result of the release of hydrogen sulfide.

https://goodenergiesalliance.com/2016/06/24/infrastrata-fails-to-find-oil-in-north-belfast/

Objection to Kirby Misperton

From Susan Chapman 26/5-2016

Please feel free to adapt this objection ASAP to the fracking application at Kirby Misperton *    The  Medact Report's  worth a mention  www.medact.org.  

 Send with  this  application number above to planners at      

km8application@northyorks.gov.uk              

Even just a line saying NO THANKS to this toxic, short-term fix would be good, thanks.  

Gives a  signal to our dozy, inattentive politicians who are waiting to open the Big Dirt door.....  Geza starved for several weeks to give us this chance & many are working exhaustedly on this;   thanks to many heroes/heroines.

You must include your first and surname, & full postal address incl postal code or it won't be considered.  Please ask for your comments to be included on the County Council Planning Register at the beginning or the end of your email.

Or you could send to

The Planning Officers/ Vicky Perkin,

Planning Services,

County Hall,

Racecourse Lane,

North Allerton    DL7 8AH

Thanks Theresa for wind farm alert  which I'll have a go at when I've recovered from this one.

Happy campaigning!

Soosannah the Grumpy

Swanage

Email 25/5 from Andy Kirkwood to:

mike@bonfield.eclipse.co.uk

gary.suttle@gmsuttle.co.uk

michael.whitwam@btconnect.com

stevepoultney13@gmail.com

Cllr.Marsh@purbeck-dc.gov.uk

pnc.collectables@talktalk.net

johnb2645@btinternet.com

alswanage@gmail.com

caroline4swanage@gmail.com

avril_swanage@hotmail.com

drtmorris@googlemail.com

m.ayres@swanage.gov.uk

swanbase.w@virgin.net

Dear Dr Ayres

As public participation at Council meetings has all but been removed from the public domain in Swanage I now write as recommended and requested by Mayor Poultney.

 

With reference to the lease by Swanage Town Council (STC) to Christopher Suttle dated 6th November 2007 and the Internal Audit Report 5th February 2016, please accept the following questions as an FOI – Freedom of Information request.

 

From the content of the letter sent to you from Jacobs and Reeves (J&R) 30th May 2007, it appears that they did not draw up the lease.  Please would you confirm who did draw up the lease up?

 

If it was drawn up by J&R, please provide a copy of the written instructions that STC provided to them.

 

If it was drawn up by Suttles lawyers could you please provide a copy of the written instructions sent to Jacobs and Reeves by STC for them to check that the lease properly protected STC’s interests. What changes were suggested by them and what alterations did Suttles lawyers agree to or reject?

 

In their letter J&R say they spent ‘a little over an hour’ on the lease.  Were you not concerned that was not enough time to review the situation properly and advise accurately?

 

The lack of any payment for the use of STC land which formed a ransom strip is a glaring omission.  Please tell me why the Lease was signed with this elementary condition, that is found in every lease, missing?

 

If you believe the reason it is missing was the so called planned creation of a visitor centre on Suttles land please tell me why that condition is also missing?

 

Not having either of these conditions in place is negligence and has lost the community a large amount of money.  Did (or are) STC considering suing, or at least reprimanding, Jacobs and Reeves for compensation for those losses?

 

If not were the omissions as a result of negligence by STC?

 

Why was there no limitation in use of STC’s land for access regarding site purposes?

 

Why did STC see fit to sign a new fifty year lease when there was still over ten years left on the lease signed in 1998?

 

The audit report states in section 1.3 paragraph 4 that “[it was] agreed that the Clerk make representations to Dorset county Council (DCC) to seek their help and guidance and to request a 12 month extension to the restoration scheme requirements, whilst arranging for discussions with officers of DC’s World Heritage Site team and other local parties.” Please provide copies of those correspondences both to and from DCC and ‘other local parties’.

 

What was the exact location of the building that was proposed for a visitor centre that was, apparently, subsequently demolished?

 

If it were located on Suttles land how would the public have utilised the visitor centre as you are now saying the public must wear steel toe capped boots, hard hats and florescent jackets to go on any land owned by Suttles?

 

Why have STC used an accountancy firm who specialises in ‘Accountancy, Internal Audit and Payroll’  to carry out this investigation when the failings are clearly legal ones not accountancy ones?

 

Thank you for your assistance in assembling this simple data that I assume will be at your fingertips you having recently gone through the file to assist Darkin Miller.

 

With regards

Andy Kirkwood

_________________________________________________________________________________

Email to Swanage Town Councillors sent 22/7 (There is a town council meeting 25/7 at 7 pm)

CC: All the lawyers and scientist and co-signing campaigners and Swanage residents

Dear councillor,
We have communicated many times before since 2013 when a few of us met at the Swanage Town Council meeting to explain our concerns about Infrastrata’s plans for Swanage. We believe, there is now a government who will push even harder for fracking in the UK, to support an industry whose ‘gas’ mainly represents high investment and subsidised exploration and processing whilst reaping potentially irreversible damage to our wonderful environment, who have time and again run off leaving taxpayers and local government to pick up the pieces.

GET CRACKING ON FRACKING Theresa May could create jobs, slash bills and boost our post-Brexit economy if she gets fracking
https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/14710...

We are a group of residents and campaigners from the UK, Dorset, Swanage and the rest of the world. Some of us will be claimants in legal actions and all of us work with the best of our abilities to protect our environment.
Firstly we would like to emphasise that we see you and us as being FOR our local community, FOR protecting our health,  FOR our worldwide-known and much-loved environment and FOR the protection of our future clean water aquifers which ourselves, all our children and our grandchildren depend on.

In Lancashire the Councillors received support from both Barrister Dr Ashley Bowes and also from legal experts and Friends Of the Earth, and this enabled them to say NO. We wish to offer you the same support. All our campaigning skills and resources, 6 lawyers, 25 experts, 35 reports (also from the UK) - all of this is on your side.

We’d now like to quote 3 experts:

“Frack fluid migrate up, among other things through faults and old wells.By drilling, casing, cementing, you pollute groundwater with frack fluid and methane emissions. To casket a hole is the problem. There is large pressure and 10.000 holes and the gas escapes. Hardened cement paste is used, it's not a good material, not flexible, not impermeable, it ages badly, and certainty a significant percentage of all gas wells are leaking and will leak. This will never be solved. Since 2010 5-10% of gas wells are leaking in Pennsylvania, there are 1,000 wells leaking into drinking water in Pennsylvania, 100 families have lost access to water.” (Anthony R Ingraffea)

“I've worked on more well sites and drilling sites than I care to mention. It's a very inexact science. There is NO 100% sure way to protect a water table sitting above a well. Once the casing is in, it’s in. It’s not like you can remove it and change it every 10 years! Forget visual impacts on the environment - as unpleasant as that is - it’s water table contamination that is the major issue and there is no 100% safe protection method.” (Contact in USA)

“I've worked in the Seismology & Geophysical industries, so have a reasonably good idea of how all the technology works. And interestingly enough was introduced to a person who shall remain nameless, that was employed by a government department in Whitehall to, as he put it 'write letters to concerned members of the public, explaining that Fracking was quite safe' it was the first job he'd had since leaving uni, where he had studied on a creative arts course, he had no idea of what he was writing, it was all scripted, and admitted that there was a whole department of people - just as unqualified as him - to do this on a large scale. When I informed him of my interest and professional experience he avoided me like the plague for the rest of the evening.” (Dave Sadler)

If Infrastrata had substantiated their promise ‘not to’ frack, as printed in Bournemouth Echo, we may have taken a different approach. However the Irish, who Infrastrata has just left, tell us Infrastrata introduced heavy private policing and high fences. There is no way of controlling or even knowing what goes on once an exploratory drilling project has been allowed to establish itself.It is important to point out that although the aquifers from which we get our fresh water are situated only a few miles away from the planned rig site, with the inherent assumption being is that it’s safe to drill down (and ‘possibly’ test frack), there is a very real threat of IRREVERSIBLE pollution into our Freshwater supply and fragile Ecosystem.

We would like you to study our illustration (above) of our unpredictable subterrain.  Infrastrata admitted  to Elizabeth Thomsen and Jason Haiselden that their own illustrations were not accurate. They told us that they’d simplified them to make them clearer. We said their illustrations were seriously misguiding people as a result.

Please visit our preliminary website (and we will advise you when the final website is online):
http://ravenseyemedia.com/fracking. Here you will find our 44 page long summary of the development of anti-fracking communities, legal initiatives and scientific studies and reports from the UK and worldwide, that corroborate the uncertain outcomes and irreversible nature of environmental damage caused by this drilling.
James Wharton,  Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government said 14.6.2016,  "When a planning permission is granted...
.including shale gas, there should be no unacceptable adverse impacts on the natural and historic environment or on human health. "

Unfortunately there are.  A great big list.    

We see from the Medact Report available online (attached here), representing 450 peer-reviewed publications , delivered to all MPs  25.4.2016,  and later on to a good number of councillors, that health is indeed impacted and that in addition, the process is still too risky and unknown. These health professionals are calling for a fairer, safer & better world for the common good. "Fracking threatens to perpetuate our reliance on fossil fuel and make it more difficult to meet our greenhouse gas emission reduction targets, as the methane, which escapes in massive quantities in the fracking process, is over 60 times more damaging to our climate than CO2. Instead we must embark upon a policy of encouraging faster development of clean energy and reduce energy consumption and ecological damage."
Several countries have banned fracking and there have been lawsuits in Pennsylvania, California and Oklahoma.  

Soil  depletion, water pollution and  loss of habitat  threaten instability and conflict. Methane is now being released in huge and damaging quantities as we struggle to limit emissions. Frighteningly, there has been a spike in methane emissions largely attributed to the US shale & gas boom.  

As planners please help our local youngsters realise you, and all of us, are concerned for their well-being on a habitable planet.

Thomas Midgley, unwittingly, nearly single-handedly wiped out our ozone layer.  Luckily the British Antarctic Survey (but not NASA who ignored the data) were paying attention so eventually the world agreed action; Montreal Protocol 1987. We ALL need to help to  preserve a habitable atmosphere.  Especially in this country with its industrial legacy.
It is wrong that we have been mis-sold WMD fossil fuels since 8.2. 1965 when President Lyndon B.  Johnson warned Congress of atmospheric impacts.  Luckily heroes like  Elon Musk,  Jo Warren,  Dale Vince and others are seriously addressing our collective ignorance with brilliant solutions.  

Westminster needs to understand that for the same price as conventional buildings, our homes can be built to feed-in clean energy to the grid as well as being cheap to run, warm and safe  (University of Cardiff).

There are of course local impacts for residents from fracking;  heavy traffic, noise, night-time disturbance, light, effect on wildlife and agriculture, groundwater pollution and earthquakes. The latter happened in Lancashire in 2011 and cracked people's homes in the process. There are house insurance implications & house prices:  7% reduction in value if you live within a mile of an extraction site  according to DEFRA.  Who will compensate these homeowners?  

There's also an effect on  jobs, tourism, waste disposal and industrial negativity impacting on other occupations eg when rural tranquillity is undermined.  Poor old Swanage. Infrastrata’s horrible toxic waste will go right down our country lanes. Very uncaring for the poor local community.

The release of 750+  commercially protected chemicals (exactly which poisons are they?) as well as radioactivity  into our precious water courses is deeply unacceptable. Health impacts include respiratory damage, birth defects, organ damage, nervous system & blood disorders. One researcher said,"fracking is spewing cancer- causing chemicals  into the air." Breast Cancer Action says, "Don't frack with our health. "Endocrine disruptors & cancer-causing chemicals are really not wanted.    They note that one drill rig was pink-ribboned in an exercise in pinkwashing!  

Fracking is dirty and dangerous. Fossil fuels, best before 1950,  are now well past their sell-by date.  Please help us stop this horrible, anachronistic, life-unfriendly project. And the strange economics that prioritises a dirty, short-lived  business at the expense of plant, animal and human health.

Please respond to reassure us that you have read the Medact Report, which is attached to this email. Thankyou.

Please choose clean energy and energy and environmental conservation;  the planting of fruit, nut and medicinal trees and plants that we'll need in a world short of harvests (only 60 global harvests left although we in the UK have 100 apparently!).  Investing in kind-hearted 21st century planet-aware businesses could provide  the solutions and the educational awareness the good folk of Swanage deserve for their well-being and hopefully long-term safe survival .  

Here are some of our many questions:

Q1: The whole of Swanage town centre is within the 2km boundary of the well and sits down wind in a valley.... the worst possible situation if a gas leak were to occur. The Childrens Nature Nursey in Durleston Country Park is borders the proposed gas exploration site. What provisions and procedures are in place to evacuate residents and nursery children and when will they be communicated? The nature Nursery knew nothing of the Gas Site until a call this week from our group.

Q2: Is it true that there is no Fracking allowed in the initial exploration phase of the plans but nothing to stop fracking after that? How would you control that no fracking takes place?

Q3: In the case of a 'Blow Out' is the council aware that the heavy piping being put in the ground can travel a mile in the air? When if ever are they planning to reveal this to the people of Swanage?

Q4: Is the council aware that the gas industry plans to make use of the sea as a dumping ground for water contaminated with chemicals and radioactivity and that currently the law will not bar this from happening? Has the risk of this been factored in locally?

Q5: The planning permission, relates to a site sandwiched between areas of special scientific interest and special conservation areas, and itself encompassing an area of national conservation interest, yet did not have the benefit of an Environmental Impact Assessment. At least four types of bats are airborne at the site and the site is known to be very close to unchartered tunnels which have openings to the surface land in places close by. Despite all of this, no survey has been carried out regarding the proximity of Bats roosts to the site. The original planning documents gave just a few lines to mention bats and assessed (with no survey to establish where they were roosting) that there would be no material impacts on them. It also noted that any impact was lessened by the proposed timing of activity spanning late 2014 and early 2015. Now that this activity has been delayed, the potential impact is at a much more sensitive time to Bats, September being especially important. Does the Council accept that it is imperative that a survey is carried out prior to any activity occurring on site that could kill colonies of one of the UKs most endangered species? Ref PHD paper on Horseshoe Bats in the Purbecks and any quotes we can get from a Bat conservation Officer.

We are going to send a similar letter to Dorset County Councillors, and we hope that some of you will join us addressing this serious matter, for the sake of Swanage and our children’s future.

Yours sincerely,
Signed by residents, campaigners and CC lawyers and experts
Alan Tootill, author Fracking The UK, Alasdair Keddie, Alexa Temel, Alma Lucas, Angela Pooley, Ann Lynette Mayo, Anna Dorthe Bertelsen, Anna Boyle, Anna Elizabeth Pandis, Anne Cassels, Annie Seeley, Anthony John Woods, Azi Parssian, Barbara Richardson, Ben Kemp, Benny Sørensen, Billy Spruce, Bjørn Holmskjold, Brian Arrigoni, Bruce Cooper, Carl DuPoldt, Charles Davidson, Swanage, Chloe Joinson, Chris Kirk, Chris Spray, Chris Walford, Christian Abildgaard, Damon Allen, Daniel Tyrkiel, Dave Sadler, David Allsop, David Burton, Swanage, Davide Lamagni, Davóg Rynne, Debbie Tolson, Potomac, MD USA, Deborah Boyle, Denis Campbell, Diane Hook, Diane Steels, Doug Palmer, Eddy Gartry, Edwin Droog, Elisha Jansen, Elizabeth Rose Thomsen, Bournemouth, Fiona Mawson, Frances Leader, Purbeck, Francis Stoner, Funda Eren Esinduy, Georgina Byrom, Graham Dunn, Graham Hennessy, Greg Hewitt, Greg Smith, Heike Jenkins, Bournemouth, Helen Highwater, Inge-Lise Knudsen, Ingi Meadowsweet Maria, Jacqueline Shanti Vanguard, Jamie Peters, Jan Patterson, Jane Gladding, Jasmine Arnold, Jason Cridland, Dorset, Jean Bartrum, Jennee Dixon, Jo Stephen, Jo Zeevil, John Daniels, John Jenkyn, Australia, John Nolan, Johnny Linehan, Jojo Mehta, Jon O'Houston, Judi Thomas, Julie Bealey, Karen Stutz, Katherine Courtauld, Katherine Edgar, Keith Lindsay-Cameron, Kevin William Simpson, Linda Foord, Linda Hernandez, Linda LeTendre, Liselotte Tarlev, Liz Bech, Lloyd Kennedy, Louise Gough, Swanage, Louise Somerville Williams, Maggie Potter, Maria Allen, Marian Elizabeth Bryant, Marie Campbell, Mark Bosworth, Martin Johnson, Swanage, Martin P Foster, Matt Tarling, Mavis Mcduff, Mel Kelly, Melanie Dawn, Michael Dehn-Jensen, Michael French, Poole, Molly Rose Heinrich, Poole, Morten Hedemann, Morten Wilder, Neil Bradley, Bournemouth, Nic Le Becheur, Nick Caunt, Nick Parsons, Nicky Fitchett, Nigel Ware, Nikolaj Henriksen, Pamela Starshine Clare, Paul Bradley, Paula Athas Heady, Persille Ingerslev, Pete Howarth, Pete Radclyffe, Peter Jolliffe, Peter Knap, Peter Stefanovic, Lawyer, Petra Portal Petra, Phil Christopher, Rev'd Peter Doodes, Rich Shrubb, Rikke M. Purkær Larsen, Rob Halford, Robin Connolly, Roger Owen, Ron Tocknell, Ros Kayes, Dorset County Councillor, Rosalyn Morrow, Rosanne Davidson, Swanage, Rose Williams, Roy Gregory, Dorset, Royston Gold, Sam Manning, Swanage, Samantha Monks, Saul Jones, Saul Jones, Shannon Moreno, Shayne Ward, Sheila Wiggins, Stephen Hall, Stuart Lane

__________________________________________________________________________________

Andy Kirkwood

Mail to Swanage Town Council sent today 20/7

There are two land owners on the planning application form. No-one disputes that Suttles could put a stop to the drilling - the other is STC - so why is Martin Ayres (Town Clerk) vehemently stating that you have no influence when you do? Whatever he may say that question has not been answered (or perhaps even understood) by independent legal advisors.

Further - no-one has seen a binding 'no fracking' agreement for California Quarry so why does Martin Ayres say there is one in place?

Please read the following article and consider the repercussions for Swanage (and if you aren't sure what they are FIND OUT! - there are many ways and I am happy to give my time)

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/earth/energy/fracking/12130801/Ministers-plot-to-foil-anti-frackers.html

_____________________________________________________________________________

650letters-downstr.jpg

A flyer from UK residents and a cross-party group was handed out in London 24/4/2016 on the same day as  all UK MPs including David Cameron were served legal notice along with a copy of the Medact report and warned of a possible breach of their Code of Conduct if they promote fracking in full knowledge of its dangers and harm arises as a result.  In the photo: Stuart Lane, Susan Chapman, Gayzer Frackman, Shahrah Ali, Jojo Metha, Emily Shirley and Elizabeth Thomsen


Our girlies at number 10 with a petition of 186 000 plus signatures against fracking and pro local democracy! Pat Davies

25. Oil & Gas engineer about the harm of fracking

History shows us that people who wield great power, like the oil and gas companies do now, will do almost anything, and the very secrecy of the 'Halliburton Loophole' is a clear enough indication that the fracking industry don't want something they are doing to be seen. The secrecy surrounding fracking methods can enable seriously harmful methods to go a very long way before discovery and proof catches up with them, and only then can the battle to stop it begin for real. We can look at Asbestos and Smoking for an indication of dealing with situations like this, and Smoking still hasn't been won - and TTIP protects the offenders! Powerful vested interests, of which the Oil industry is the biggest and most powerful right now, have governments in their pocket so harm and damage CAN and WILL be done.

The use of Depleted Uranium, for example, has a logical connection, but as of this moment, no solid usable evidence of its application in fracking. We hope there are good people out there who will collect and publicise evidence if and when it is found. Oil is the fuel of war - you cannot plug you battle-tank or warplane into a socket to charge overnight - and look at all the countries now itching for a fight, so our war-seeking governments will go for war fuels Oil and Nuclear and accept any and all harmful effects they have - which is why they have no interest in renewables. What you can see is that more and more is coming to light, but be aware that miss-information is also spread by exploiters. Looking at the material that is now available compared to as little as a year ago indicates that the battle to expose the truth IS being won. Unfortunately, as with asbestos, tobacco, and many other Known-harmful products, a lot of harm will be done before effective measures are put in place. We therefore plead with our politicians and decision makers to secure professionalism, democracy and transparency.

Charles Miller (Consultant Engineer, Oil & Gas)

26. Key facts about the fracking procedure

Compiled by researcher Elizabeth Thomsen in collaboration with Oil and Gas Engineer Charles Miller and Associate Professor Thomas Meinert Larsen (Copenhagen University).

Exploratory drilling can only assess the composition of the subterrain in close proximity to the drilling, the composition can be completely different 50 meters away.

The subterrain is made of mixed materials in unpredictable ways and porous layers, cracks and fault lines cannot be predicted.

Shale consists of toxic and radioactive substances which are released to the surrounding subterrain in the fracking process.

As the pressure, 2-3 miles down where fracking takes place in the subterrain, is very high all substances will migrate upwards.

The aquifers are connected in unpredicable ways. They extend to the depth of the fracking and the most pristine water is nearest to the shale.

Fracking involves massive amounts of toxic and radioactive chemicals, where over 60% is left in the subterrain.

Micro-organisms live in the subterrain, also as deep as 4 miles down, under high temperature and pressure. They are part of the reason why all fracking wells will eventually leak, as these micro-organisms make both steel and concrete protective layers errode.

In order to keep the influence of the micro-organisms under control biocides are injected into fracking wells. Biocides are so toxic there is no lower limit.

Fracking uses wast amounts of fresh water. Unprocessed sea water cannot be used for fracking.

Other industries, like for example agriculture, recycles the fresh water they use, fracking removes the water from the eco-system forever.

Heavy traffic is extensive.

Fracking involves explosions (and we mention the use of depleted uranium although it's been impossible so far to prove this.)

Fracking involves very high pressure technology which, combined with the unpredicable composition of the subterrain and the very high temperature and pressure at the depth, where fracking takes place, is the reason why 'blow-outs' related to fracking are especially dangerous, also because all the toxic and radioactive substances involved are dispersed in the environment in the case of a 'blow-out'.

The cracks which fracking makes in the shale can be hundred meters long and since the composition of materials cannot be known, these will also penetrate other materials like chalk, which is porous, or natural fault lines, and the toxic and radioactive fracking waste water and the gas will reach lower aquifers, and with time, higher aquifers.

Methane gas from fracking is between 80 to 100 times more damaging to our environment than CO2 in relation to the effect on climate change. Far larger amounts of methane gas escapes outside the fracking-wells than anticipated. (http://www.eeb.cornell.edu/howarth/Howarth%20et%20al%20%202011.pdf)

Micro-organisms make the wells leak and they are fought with biocides 

Micro-organisms live in the subterrain, also as deep as 4 miles down, under high temperature and pressure. They are part of the reason why all fracking wells will eventually leak, as these micro-organisms make both steel and concrete protective layers errode. In order to keep the influence of the micro-organisms under control biocides are injected into fracking wells. Biocides are so toxic there is no lower limit.

The Microbial Complications of Fracking

http://www.wired.com/2012/05/the-microbial-complications-of-fracking/ 

Geomicrobiology Expert Yuri Gorby Joins Rensselaer as Blitman Professor of Engineering http://news.rpi.edu/luwakkey/3098#sthash.L7gCGcDF.dpuf http://news.rpi.edu/luwakkey/3098 

Interview with Yuri Gorby on the potential of long term impact from anaerobic sulfur reducing bacteria as they relate to fracking and geobiology. Taken at a area of ground water contamination. To see the interview with the owner of the property describing issues https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tssuNWKyLSI#action=share 

(long version)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f1RfRkmQBms&feature=youtu.be 

The subterrain is unpredictable and aquifers are interconnected 

Exploratory drilling can only assess the composition of the subterrain in close proximity to the drilling, the composition can be completely different 50 meters away. When the Danes had test drilled to build the bridge across Storebaelt and began the construction work a few meters away from the test drill the bedrock was nothing like they had assessed and the sea flooded the building site.

Professor Iain Stewart (BBC, How Earth made us) - Mud volcano was created from test drilling for gas.

Richard Fortey Dir. Natural History Museum on BBC: "Nothing in nature is ever entirely unchanged".

Professor Iain Stewart (BBC, How Earth made us) - the steam engine was invented because the water had to be pumped out, which constantly and unexpectedly flooded the coal mines.

Cave diver Jill Heinerth: "Our bedrock is a sponge.." The mysterious world of underwater caves http://www.ted.com/talks/jill_heinerth_the_mysterious_world_of_underwater_caves#t-2908 

Fracking cracks more than shale 

The cracks which fracking makes in the shale can be hundred meters long and since the composition of materials cannot be known, these will also penetrate other materials like chalk, which is porous, or natural fault lines, and the toxic and radioactive fracking wastewater and the gas will reach lower aquifers, and with time, higher aquifers.

Conclusion: Fracking will pollute the aquifers 

An overwhelming amount of evidence confirms irreversible damages to drinking water resources. Fracking pollutes the aquifers irreversibly with biocides, toxic and radioactive substances.

27. Methane leaks in Australia from fracking and CSG

160 pp Million straight out of a crack in the ground, Wonder if those corrupt bastards in government and departments would live with this in their back yard.

John Jenkyn, Australia

AZ-7291 Gas Detector - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yh6DR5lQ75Y 

Things are fast going to shit in Queensland because of the Gas industry, Lets roll it out in all the other states we don't need Fresh air and clean food and water if you believe the Gas Cartel or Government. It's well documented that HOUSES are filled with RAW NATURAL GAS/ which is METHANE.

https://www.facebook.com/john.jenkyn/videos/1720145004885431/

https://www.facebook.com/john.jenkyn/videos/1719674938265771/ 

The Condamine River Gas Blowout - Part One - Coal seam gas.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SMPtWT6RsF4

28. Media

Cuadrilla boss Francis Egan grilled by BBC Hardtalk 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lY2x8J1ovp0&sns=fb 

BBC to Francis Egan: "How long will you give this (fracking) before you give up?" (Timecode: 23:23)

Francis: "There isn't a single case in USA where a water supply has been contaminated". (Timecode: 9:54, 13:13)

We know: Methane from shale has polluted aquifers all over the world and it's toxic and radioactive. You cannot clean drinking water from radioactivity.

Francis: (to the question whether he'd back independent investigations into the risks of fracking) "It's been done". (Timecode: 14:44)

We know: The Royal Society of Engineering’s report hints at fracking at Wytch Farm as a succesful example, which is not what is carried out at Wytch Farm by Perenco, so how can the report be trusted?

Francis: "Fracking is broadly the same as conventional gas." (Argueing that we need (shale)gas because it's more environmentally friendly than coal. (Timecode: 20:07, 21:03)

We know: Methane from shale is 50-100 times more potent, more damaging, than CO2 to climate change.

Francis: "It's an issue of national importance." (Timecode: 23:03)

We say: Yes indeed. BAN FRACKING

Some of the evidence related to this: Francis Egan, vs Jessica Ernst "Not 1 case of water contamination from fracking"

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oVbt4ysz2q4&feature=youtu.be 

29. Financial aspects

Part 3 Richard Heinberg On Snake Oil: How Fracking's False Promise Imperils Our Future

HOW TO FRACK AND HOW IT'S A BUBBLE

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ykCqA75Nlac

Published on 10 Mar 2014

Recorded February 25th, 2014 in Vancouver, BC

Richard Heinberg speaks on his newest book, covering the short-term nature of the recent North American oil boom and the financial bubble that supports it. Heinberg covers the implications of the 2016-2017 peak in unconventional output by providing essential information for any community facing the false promises of companies planning to extract reality

Max Keiser on Fracking

As 1000s of fracking wells are left abandoned and orphaned across the USA leaving the "clean up" capping and decommission to the taxpayer, with a nod also to Sellafield decommission.... The UK government puppets are still set to start drilling in the UK... KErchinnng!

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GWR7G6gbkbc&feature=youtu.be

Oil & Tax: How the UK taxpayer could spend millions funding the hunt for fracked gas

Louise Somerville Williams: This is rather massive, albeit complex. Seems to indicate that those "community benefits" which is money promised to local communities with frackers as neighbours, could actually be paid for by taxpayers due to tax breaks given to existing oil and gas producers.

"The rule essentially allows oil and gas companies to offset all their exploration costs against profits on their current production, let’s say from profitable wells in the North Sea.

What that means is that fossil fuel firms can claim back the money they spend on fracking against their taxable profits from conventional UK oil and gas extraction – reducing their tax bill.

It acts as an incentive for companies to keep exploring – assuming they produce oil and gas in the UK.

If they find reserves, they increase the value of their firm – if they find nothing the loss on the exploration is effectively shared between the company and the taxpayer."

http://energydesk.greenpeace.org/2016/05/25/oil-tax-how-the-uk-taxpayer-could-spend-millions-funding-the-hunt-for-fracked-gas/

30. Alternatives to fracking

Direct Energy Conversion, where one form of freely-available (and free of cost!) energy directly produces energy in another form with no pollution or harmful by-products, are fast gaining ground in intelligent countries looking for a SUSTAINABLE and ENVIRONMENT HAZARD FREE energy to replace ageing and ailing HIGH-HAZARD AND LONG-TERM POLLUTING fuels such as nuclear and fossil. Wind and water turbines, where the flow of fluids directly drives blades which turn the electricity generator (no fire or hazardous materials involved), and solar panels, where sunlight is converted into electricity or heat without any moving parts or hazardous effects, are examples now widely implemented by intelligent countries. Tidal turbines turn slowly so are not a significant hazard to sealife - particularly when compared to the high-powered and fast-moving propellers used by surface ships and sub-marine vessels - and wind turbine blades, which presently do have high blade-tip speeds, are now subject to on-going research to produce designs which will reduce the hazard to birds. With the exception of Scotland - which is on course to have ALL its electricity produced by Renewable sources by 2020, Tidal Energy under-used, which is surprising given that tides are utterly reliable and predictable for centuries ahead, and unlike wind and solar which are great but far less predictable energy contributors, there is always a tide running somewhere; flow periods of various-size bodies of water lags the moon cycle by varying amounts of time (the UK is an island surrounded by tidal waters!). These, and several other simple direct-conversion non-polluting and virtually hazard-free technologies, are renewable, sustainable, have a well proven track record and are available RIGHT NOW, so it beggars belief why any government would want to support the vested interests that continue to produce hazardous and polluting technologies that leave a legacy of problems to blight present-day citizens as well as generations well into the future.

Charles Miller (Consultant Engineer, Oil & Gas)

31. Statements

Communities around the country said NO in 2015 and threw the frackers out!

Towns and villages, Protection camps and many unsung heroes of Great Britain worked hard to stop them for another year! The Fylde coast in Lancashire shows clear marks of the government's attempted fracking effort; gas storage, millions pumped into a plastics factory, water piped straight from a reservoir to a frack site, hundreds of seismic monitors installed, roads being widened and built and money being thrown at schools colleges clubs and media. David Cameron says he wants to make Blackpool the shale capital of Europe. We locals have brought Lord Brown's inept fracking business, Cuadrilla, to their knees, Pat, Dianne, John, Barbara, Jean, Gail, ordinary people who have had to learn and organise and stop this toxic government and industry.

Gayzer Frackman (Lancashire, April 2016)

The Green Party

has for years called for an outright Ban on all fracking operations and for licences to be withdrawn as soon as possible. It also calls for the UK and EU to close loopholes on regulations to protect our Water, Soil and Air. Party leader Natalie Bennett, Keith Taylor MEP, Molly Scott Cato MEP, Jean Lambert MEP and Caroline Lucas MP have all protested against and work hard in the fight against fracking. Caroline is completely committed to fighting this threat. She has in the past secured parliamentary debate, making a robust case against fracking, questioned energy ministers and called for a public consultation. In Balcombe – West Sussex, Caroline was among a group protesting against fracking at Cuadrilla’s drilling site and was arrested during her peaceful protest. Our members are united to halt this. We wish to see an end to fossil fuel subsidies and for the money to be redirected to fund energy efficiency measures, community owned renewable energy sources and ending fuel poverty.

Simon Bull (Green Party Councillor)

Letter from Lib Dem councillors in Dorset

It has recently been reported that vast chunks of Dorset have been included in the Oil and Gas Authority’s latest 159 onshore blocks being made available for licensing. These blocks will be made available for shale oil or gas exploration, also known as fracking, and the authority has said that they have already attracted “strong interest”. In Dorset, the new area includes the south of Wimborne Minster, Bere Regis, Merley, Corfe Mullen, Broadstone, Sturminster Marshall, Winterborne Kingston, Milborne St Andrew, Puddletown, Piddlehinton, Piddletrenthide, Corfe Castle, Studland and Swanage.  Lib Dems are already committed to a policy of not allowing fracking in areas of natural beauty (AONB) or National Parks, but we – the three Dorset Lib Dem parliamentary spokespersons – also feel that the areas mentioned above are of striking natural beauty, and of environmental, touristic and historical significance. Dorset is dependent on the beauty of its landscape and the integrity of its water: 20,000 people in Dorset are dependent for their income on tourism and it produces 12 per cent of our wealth; our farmers and agriculture depend on clean, safe water supplies, and our landscape is known for its clear winterbournes and streams running from chalk uplands of Hardy country, with the unique brackish wetland lagoon of the Fleet and Chesil Beach.

Our regulatory regime is weaker and less independent than it needs to be for this new process to be considered safe. There is a real risk that spills, leaks and water contamination will occur, air will be polluted, and enormous quantities of waste water will need to be hauled, leading to heavy traffic movements for which our lanes are not suited – all of which would be catastrophic for this county. We demand that Mr Cameron and his Conservative government think again about this profoundly mistaken policy, and we would ask that all Dorset MPs join with us in opposition to the arrival of fracking in this beautiful county.

Hugo Mieville (North Dorset), Ros Kayes (West Dorset), Vikki Slade (Mid-Dorset and North Poole) 3 January 2016

Green Party testimonials

Searching out new fossil fuels when we need to leave at least 2/3 of known reserves in the ground to prevent catastrophic climate change makes no sense. Moreover, there are certain local environmental impacts - lorry movements, water use, noise and risk from spills and contamination. And the government's focus on fracking has been a huge distraction from renewables and energy conservation - the policies we need today.

Natalie Bennett (Leader of the Green Party)

The Green Party stands full square alongside the campaigners who delivered the scientific findings against fracking to parliamentarians and I was honoured to join them. In addition to the health risks associated with this dangerous technology, we see a government bent on wrecking the planet for future generations. Despite the fine words at COP21, two steps backwards and no steps forwards seems to be the order of the day on climate change. Our collective resolve has never been more pressing.

Shahrah Ali (Deputy Leader of the Green Party)

As a member of Knaresborough Town Council, I work to secure the interests of this community and its heritage. The effect of government proposals will be to turn our area into a gasfield, an industrial wasteland with Tourism, Agriculture and the ecosystem, our economic staples, completely compromised. All for a short term bonus to foreign investors.

Bill Rigby (Mayor-elect Knaresborough Town council, Green Party)

Swanage resident's speech at Dorset County Council 2013

(4 councillors voted for , 3 against, some requested a site visit, the request was turned down.) We ask you to delay this decision regarding the planning application and urgently request that a full risk assessment is carried out together with a comprehensive specication of the exact methods that are to be used and of those which may be applied for later. We would also like a nancial report which would demonstrate the benets of this to the local people. We are informed by the authorities that "fracking is safe", while there is an abundance of well substantiated evidence available that it is not. How thick would a protective layer of concrete have to be in the hundreds of meters deep and miles long drill hole in order to withstand the pressure of the natural movements of the subterrain? There is an agreement among scientists that all hydraulic fracking wells will eventually fail. We are concerned about the leaking of toxic, radioactive and carciogenic chemicals into the water table. Other concerns relating to the project are heavy traffic, poisonous waste, air and soil pollution and CO2-levels. To say nothing of seismic activity undermining properties. Santander for example, will not give mortgages to areas that are licensed for fracking, without first passing the applications on to the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors. The information from the authorities about the unconventional exploration procedure, hydraulic shale fracking, is incredibly insufficient and even in places incorrect. The information about fracking is to a large extent given in the form of campaigns, which is not the right way of handling a very risky technology. This should be completely secure and controlled by scientic facts. It must be the responsibility of those in the job to clearly explain in a comprehensive report which can be understood and seen by local people how the method of "fracking" is safe - and to convey this very clearly and base it on sound evidence. It is our tax money which pays for the test drilling. We also deserve to be part of controlling why, how and when, especially when it is clear there is in no way sufficient expertise and control with these projects to secure what should really be in everyone's interest: to keep our environment prosperous and inhabitable. No money on earth can compensate for the loss of clean fresh water and clean fresh air which are threatened by this process. Why is it that the French won’t allow it in their country?

Dorchester 29/11-2013 Beryl and David Hopkins, Talia Pope, Tina Scotney, Elizabeth Thomsen, all Swanage residents

Email from Sir Graham Watson MEP 2013 

It is clear that a number of our continental neighbours have much more rigorous measures in place on where such activities, such as that proposed in Swanage, can take place. One area where I have been supporting tighter European legislation is with regard to the necessary environmental impact and related assessments for such activity. The current European rules have been in force for over 25 years and the proposed new rules should re­ject some of the ongoing technological challenges that communities now face, including fracking. I therefore voted to support the rules in Parliament (and I should stress I was the only South West MEP to do so) as it will ensure more rigorous assessments are made regarding the environmental impact of any future projects. However, these new rules are still making their way through the legislative procedure and can’t a ect what is happening currently in Swanage. I know that there is a lot of public concern over this possible exploration and I do hope that Councillors in Dorset Council take this into account. I am certainly not a fan of fracking as this technology appears to involve pumping vast amounts of water and chemicals into the ground with the potential of contaminating our water supply. I personally believe we need to be moving away from carbon fuels, not increasing our dependency on it. I am supportive of measures that will mean industry will have to give greater consideration to the environmental impact of their work and place it in the public domain in the future. Sir Graham Watson MEP (Liberal Democrats)

32. Testimonials from fracking companies

IGas exec predicts fracking in the NW will be “incredibly difficult”

https://drillordrop.com/2016/05/19/igas-exec-predicts-fracking-in-the-nw-will-be-incredibly-difficult/

A senior figure in IGas gave an insight this morning into how the shale gas industry sees communities in different areas across England.

Gary Stringer, the company’s head of sustainability, predicted problems for the industry in the north-west. But he said he could see a way forward in the south and opportunities for discussion in the east midlands.

Speaking at the Shale World conference in London, he said.

“In the north west it’s going to be incredibly difficult. The groups over there are organised, very very effective in terms of the language that they use and to sensationalise absolutely everything.”

He said the industry had a problem dealing with this because it tended to use what he called “engineering and technical speak”. He said:

“We get technical too soon. We try and argue there isn’t a highway problem because it’s only 0.1% but actually, no, there’s a sharp bend and that causes a problem when the kids go to school. It’s getting down to that sort of level.”

33. Fracking:Written question - 39523

http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-06-06/39523/

 

34. Information about fracking

#DontFrackYorkshire #NoKM8 Save Kirby Misperton from the fracking frackers and thereby save the UK from the evil spectre of unconventional gas. Clean air, clean water and a clean bill of health for all our children.

Outside Hallerton County Hall in Yorkshire 20/5-2016

Sir Richard Storey giving evidence at the Planning Committee yesterday, with his now-famous scales showing the weight of evidence for and against fracking. (photo taken from Telegraph blog on yesterday's proceeding

John Jenkyn added 6 new photos.

2 mins ·

with a few showers about and some cloud, not hard to figure why we have really bad taste and smashing headache, EHP wonder what i mean by light pollution, I think they may understand when i send them a few of the bus that i took and the noise that comes with the flares

UK fracking firm plans to dump wastewater in the sea

http://www.feasta.org/2016/06/11/jim-ratcliffe-ineos-and-the-empire-of-trash/

UK fracking firm plans to dump wastewater in the sea

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/jun/15/uk-fracking-firm-plans-dump-wastewater-in-sea-ineos?CMP=share_btn_fb

John Jenkyn, Australia

This was hurting my ears, I also think the sign needs changing to water pipeline always venting methane gas

https://www.facebook.com/john.jenkyn/videos/1769726119927319/

EMBED CODE

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Photo of methane seeping up from Gas exploration (UCG) by anti-fracking campaigner John Jenkyns in Australia.

From Jane Helen Hughes (Australia)
Up to my ears doing MAPS on fracking our rivers...etc. (July 2016)

Among our files on this link we have saved pages which have actually been taken off the internet now. SCIENCE & CHEMICAL COAL SEAM GAS DATA https://www.facebook.com/groups/469916493083837/files/ 

Seizures is another good word to search, babies and adults having seizures, babies out here. RAW NATURAL GAS is METHANE BTEX the BTEX is equivalent to petrol sniffing 24/7. In the U.S. the seizures are in humans, and animals, well documented.

IMPORTANT AND URGENT LIST OF THE HARMED, thousands and thousands listed,

Seizures, evacuations, houses blowing up, land devalued, the list is endless.

https://pennsylvaniaallianceforcleanwaterandair.wordpress.com/the-list/

PHD REPORT about animals and humans,

https://yosemite.epa.gov/oa/eab_web_docket.nsf/Attachments%20By%20ParentFilingId/6CB8B1D5AD6ECB1A85257E2800480CBC/$FILE/30%20-%20Bamberger%20&%20Oswald%20Impacts%20of%20Gas%20Drilling%20on%20Human%20and%20Animal%20Health.pdf

Search: INGRAFFEA, radioactive, ARMOR charges, perforating guns, I noticed they leave the HORIZONTAL explosives off, TONS ON THE SCIENCE PAGES, manufacturing and proofs.

Radioactivity  deep down in the subterrain, means that radioactivity will migrate up to the surface.

Search for perforating guns and armor charges used in all mining today, particularly in the gas, oil and fracking industries.

MEDACT.jpg

The MedAct report promoted by local anti-fracking campaigners  in Lancashire.

Frack Free Kisby Misperton

mothers-against-fracking.jpg

Among anti-fracking campaigners are Vanessa Vine, Bianca Jagger, Nathalie Bennet, Gayzer Frackman, Julie Wassmer,...

Usually the pace of the walk was set by 82 year old anti-fracking campaigner Anne Power.

Frack Free Isle of Wight and Gayzer Frackman

Frack Free Isle of Wight

FRACKINGWELLS.jpg

GAS.jpg

boretaarn2.jpg

Anti-fracking campaigners from Greenpeace climbed the rig in Dybvad, Denmark in 2015. A fracking rig is 50 feet high.

inge-lise-politi.jpg

Heavy traffic.

shalegas.jpg

Anti-fracking campaigners at a workshop at the London office of Friends of the Earth 2015.

Anti-fracking campaigners at Barton Moss, UK.

charles-miller-dorset.jpg

Oil & Gas Engineer Charles Miller giving a talk about fracking in Poole, Dorset.

Lancashire based anti-fracking campaigner Tina Louise Rothery at a seminar about fracking  experiences from around the world.

(Photo from Professor Kevin Andersson’s webpage: http://www.greenlassie.com/tag/kevin-anderson)

gas-pipeline.jpg

Photo by John Jenkyn, Australia. His comment: This is how CSG cares for the environment as it seems like a lot of clearing for 2 pipes that are less than 30cm in total width.

Video: Don't FRACK Our Future - Doreen's Story

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BYniYtJEeeI